The scholar most associated with the rules of stratigraphy (or law of superposition) is probably the geologist Charles Lyell.
The basis for stratigraphy seems quite intuitive today, but its applications were no less than earth-shattering to archaeological theory.
Stratigraphy is the oldest of the relative dating methods that archaeologists use to date things.
Absolute dating, on the other hand is capable of telling the exact age of an item using carbon dating and many other techniques that were not there in earlier times.
Relative dating makes use of the common sense principle that in a deposition of layers.
However, archeologists still require further information to find out the items that are oldest and those that are youngest in the order.
It is left for absolute dating to come up with the precise age of an artifact.
This type of dating employs many dating techniques like atomic clocks, carbon dating, annual cycle methods, and trapped electron method.
Dendrochronology is another of the popular method of finding the exact age through growth and patterns of thick and thin ring formation in fossil trees.This gives away the true age of the fossil that contains C-14 that starts decaying after the death of the human being or animal. Absolute Dating • Dating techniques are used in archeology to ascertain the age of old artifacts and a broad classification of these methods bifurcates them in relative dating and absolute dating • Relative dating comes to a conclusion based upon the study of layer formation of rocks.Upper most layers are considered the youngest while the lowermost deposition is considered as oldest.Though using similar methods, these two techniques differ in certain ways that will be discussed in this article.As the name implies, relative dating can tell which of the two artifacts is older.It is possible to tell the number of years ago a particular rock or archeological site had been formed.